The University of Pittsburgh's Fellowship in Hospice and Palliative Medicine offers two options: A 1-year ACGME-accredited clinical fellowship is offered by the Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics of the University of Pittsburgh and includes a high-volume, interdisciplinary clinical program and the opportunity to receive a certificate in medical education. A 2-year fellowship option extends beyond the clinical year to prepare individuals for an academic career in the growing specialty of palliative medicine, enabling fellows to earn a master's degree either in medical education or clinical research.
The Hospice and Palliative Medicine Fellowship provides fellows a rigorous and clinically intense training experience that will prepare them for a successful palliative medicine career in the ambulatory, hospice, or hospital setting. We focus on both symptom assessment and management as well as communication skills with patients, families, and other health care providers. The 1-year fellowship program has been fully accredited through the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Depending on their level of interest and commitment, fellows in the 1-year program may also work toward obtaining a certificate in medical education through the University of Pittsburgh.
For fellows who want to pursue further training for a career in academic palliative medicine—either as a clinical investigator or educator—we offer an elective second year. The 2-year program combines the palliative care program's own research and educational resources with the opportunities offered by the Institute for Clinical Research Education (ICRE) degree programs in clinical research and medical education at the University of Pittsburgh. These programs provide fellows with didactic training in a broad spectrum of research and educational methodologies, technologies, and tools; exposure to multidisciplinary research and educational teams; hands-on mentored experience in conducting patient-oriented research; and the conceptual and writing skills necessary to submit competitive grant applications for successful, long-term patient-oriented research or education careers. By the end of the second year, fellows will obtain a master's degree from the University of Pittsburgh in clinical research or medical education, with a special focus on palliative care.
The fellows' clinical experiences span a diverse array of settings, including our quaternary care transplant program, the region's largest cancer program and hospice program (Family Hospice and Palliative Care), and our children's and community hospitals. The clinical focus of the fellowship is on acquiring skills in providing comprehensive care to patients with life-limiting illnesses in acute care, ambulatory care, home care, and long-term care settings. Fellows will spend substantial time in each of these settings and will follow patients longitudinally as they move between different settings. The role of the physician as a member of an interdisciplinary care team will be emphasized in all clinical settings and encounters. The individual aspects of the clinical program are described below.
Inpatient Palliative Care Consultation Service. Fellows spend a minimum of one month each at UPMC Presbyterian-Montefiore Hospitals, UPMC Shadyside Hospital, and Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC, for a total of five months in the inpatient setting.
Home Care and Hospice. Fellows will gain extensive experience managing home care and hospice patients through time spent with Family Hospice and Palliative Care, the largest hospice program in western Pennsylvania. Fellows will spend 1 half-day a week attending hospice interdisciplinary team meetings, providing clinical support to the hospice team. They will spend 1 month doing hospice home visits and an additional 6 weeks at an inpatient hospice facility.
Long-Term Care. Fellows will spend at least 1 month working in a long-term care facility.
Outpatient Clinic. Fellows will maintain their own outpatient clinic practice under the supervision of the palliative care faculty, spending at least 1 half-day a week for 12 months in one of two clinics: the Pittsburgh AIDS Comprehensive Treatment Center (PACT) or the Hillman Cancer Center Palliative Care Clinic. As part of a multidisciplinary team, fellows will manage patients at all disease stages with multiple physical, psychosocial, spiritual, and existential issues. Fellows will follow new patients longitudinally in the ambulatory setting as well as across settings if the patients are admitted to the hospital or go to hospice.
Elective and Supplemental Clinical Experiences. Fellows will spend 3 months on clinical elective experiences. Additional elective time is available to individual fellows, based on their own needs and interests. Formal elective experiences are available in ethics, oncology, radiation oncology, behavioral medicine, HIV care, neurology, geriatrics, geriatric psychiatry, pain care, pediatrics, liver transplantation, critical care, cardiology, and pulmonary care and can easily be arranged in other areas of special interest. Fellows will also have the opportunity to arrange experiences at any of our specialty palliative care clinics, including the Palliative Congestive Heart Failure Clinic, the Magee-Womens Hospital Palliative Care Clinic, and the Multidisciplinary Pancreatic Cancer Clinic.
Other Experiences. Fellows attend all the relevant ongoing teaching conferences, including Journal Club, Psychosocial Conference, and Palliative Care Grand Rounds, and also attend a weekly palliative care team meeting in which both clinical and educational topics in palliative care are discussed. Bereavement training is learned through meetings conducted by the Good Grief Center.
There are five required courses that have been designed specifically for the Palliative Care Fellowship. These courses provide a fundamental knowledge base for the clinical practice of palliative care and focus on research skills relevant to studies concerning palliative care.
Principles and Practice of Palliative Care: This 2-credit course provides fellows with a thorough introduction to the knowledge base and skill set needed for the clinical practice of palliative care. This clinical knowledge base not only prepares fellows for their clinical work in palliative care but also guides and informs their choice of a research interest. The course meets for 1 hour each week from September through March.
Research Methods in Palliative Care: This special methods course provides a critical bridge between the more general research skills covered in the ICRE clinical research training programs and the particular challenges of performing patient-oriented research in palliative care. This course, along with the clinical course, is a cornerstone of the concentration in palliative care.
Teaching Communication Skills: Doctor-patient communication has received increasing attention in medical education. The new ACGME requirements list communication skills as one of six major areas of focus. In the future, physicians will need to be able to document their communication skills for certification and licensure. Over the past 10 years, studies have provided increasing data regarding the efficacy of educational interventions to improve physician communication skills. The point of this course is to ensure that medical educators understand the data and have the practical skills needed to design and teach communication courses.
Communication Skills: In addition to the "Teaching Communication Skills" course described above, fellows also attend a three day intensive communication retreat, attended by fellows from the region. Following completion of the retreat, University of Pittsburgh fellows participate in a series of sessions involving professional simulated patients and facilitated by faculty with extensive expertise in communication skills training.
Ethical Issues in Palliative Care: This case-based course exposes fellows to three important aspects of ethics in palliative care practice: (1) a conceptual analysis of clinical situations based on ethical principles, (2) the opportunity to recognize ethical issues that arise in their own current practice, and (3) an awareness of the influence of personal feelings and emotional reactions on ethical deliberation in care of the dying.
Fellows in the 2-year program can choose additional elective courses, based on their individual interests and planned research program. Electives that suit the individual fellow's goals can be selected from courses offered by the ICRE as well as from other locations, including the Center for Bioethics and Health Law, the Graduate School of Public Health, the School of Social Work, and the School of Nursing.
Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Project. All fellows will complete a quality improvement project. Fellows will be paired with faculty mentors as well as quality improvement experts to help investigate and address quality improvement issues they encounter in the inpatient, ambulatory, or hospice setting.
Research/Education Project. Fellows in the 2-year program will complete a research/education project during their fellowship. To help in this process and with career counseling, each fellow will select at least one primary research or education mentor whose experience and interests complement the fellow's interests. A diverse group of experienced mentors from multiple departments has been assembled to encourage the development of an effective mentoring relationship. The group includes funded researchers in the departments of medicine, psychiatry, and critical care medicine as well as researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute.
Depending on their level of interest, fellows also have the opportunity to work on smaller projects, such as "Fast Facts," article reviews, or presentations at local or national meetings.
Case of the Month. All fellows contribute to this monthly publication and collaborative effort between the Palliative and Supportive Institute and the University of Pittsburgh Palliative Care faculty members. In addition to being distributed through the Pitt/UPMC community, the ‘Case of the Month’ articles are posted on Pallimed: Arts & Humanities, a blog focusing on the many themes in palliative medicine that intersect with film, music, paintings, books, and other artistic media.
The fellowship program is housed in the Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics and . We have active research programs with millions in grant support and active relationships with educators and researchers in oncology, ethics, anesthesia, and geriatrics.
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Post-residency physician fellows must meet the following criteria:
Individuals who wish to apply for a fellowship should submit an application through ERAS. The ERAS post office accepts applications each year from November 15 through May 31 for fellowships beginning the following year on July 1. For example, for fellowships beginning July 1, 2014, applications are accepted through ERAS from November 15, 2012 through May 31, 2013. If all fellowship slots are not filled when the ERAS post office closes, a formal application may be submitted through this website. Please contact us directly if you have any questions about the application process.
All completed applications will include:
For more information, contact:
University of Pittsburgh
Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics
200 Lothrop Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15213