Department of Medicine

University of Pittsburgh

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Recent Publications

Anderson WG, Alexander SC, Rodriguez KL, Jeffreys AS, Olsen MK, Pollak KI, Tulsky JA, Arnold RM. "What concerns me is..." Expression of emotion by advanced cancer patients during outpatient visits. Support Care Cancer. 2008;16:803-11.

Anderson WG, Arnold RM, Angus DC, Bryce CL. Passive decision-making preference is associated with anxiety and depression in relatives of patients in the intensive care unit. J Crit Care. 2009;23:249-54.

Anderson WG, Arnold RM, Angus DC, Bryce CL. Posttraumatic stress and complicated grief in family members of patients in the intensive care unit. J Gen Intern Med. 2008;23:1871-6.

Anderson WG, McNamara MC, Arnold RM. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses. J Palliat Med. 2009;12:937-46.

Anderson WG, Williams JE, Bost JE, Barnard D. Exposure to death is associated with positive attitudes and higher knowledge about end-of-life care in graduating medical students. J Palliat Med. 2008;11:1227-33.

Arnold RM, Jaffe E. Why palliative care needs geriatrics. J Palliat Med. 2007;10:182-3.

Arnold RM, Zeidel ML. Dialysis in frail elders—a role for palliative care. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:1597-8.

Back AL, Anderson WG, Bunch L, Marr LA, Wallace JA, Yang HB, Arnold RM. Communication about cancer near the end of life. Cancer. 2008;113:1897-1910.

Back AL, Arnold RM. Discussing prognosis: "How much do you want to know?" Talking to patients who are prepared for explicit information. J Clin Oncol. 2006;24:4209-13.

Back AL, Arnold RM. Discussing prognosis: "How much do you want to know?" Talking to patients who do not want information or who are ambivalent. J Clin Oncol. 2006;24:4214-7.

Back AL, Arnold RM, Baile WF, Fryer-Edwards KA, Alexander SC, Barley GE, Gooley TA, Tulsky JA. Efficacy of communication skills training for giving bad news and discussing transitions to palliative care. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167:453-60.

Back AL, Arnold RM, Baile WF, Tulsky JA, Fryer-Edwards KA. What makes education in communication transformative? J Cancer Educ. 2009;24:160-2.

Back AL, Arnold RM, Tulsky JA, Baile WF, Edwards K. "Could I add something?": teaching communication by intervening in real time during a clinical encounter. Acad Med. 2010;85:1048-51.

Back AL, Michaelsen K, Alexander S, Hopley E, Fryer-Edwards K, Arnold RM. How oncology fellows discuss transitions in goals of care: a snapshot of approaches used prior to training. J Palliat Med. 2010;13:395-400.

Barnato AE, Anthony DL, Skinner J, Gallagher PM, Fisher ES. Racial and ethnic differences in preferences for end-of-life treatment. J Gen Intern Med. 2009;24:695-701.

Barnato AE, Bost JE, Farrell MH, Lave JR, Arnold RM, Rubio DM, Angus DC. Relationship between staff perceptions of hospital norms and hospital-level end-of-life treatment intensity. J Palliat Med. 2007;10:1093-100.

Barnato AE, Chang CH, Farrell MH, Lave JR, Roberts MS, Angus DC. Is survival better at hospitals with higher "end-of-life" treatment intensity? Med Care. 2010;48:125-32.

Barnato AE, Farrell MH, Chang CH, Lave JR, Roberts MS, Angus DC. Development and validation of hospital "end-of-life" treatment intensity measures. Med Care. 2009;47:1098-105.

Barnato AE, Hsu HE, Bryce CL, Lave JR, Emlet LL, Angus DC, Arnold RM. Using simulation to isolate physician variation in intensive care unit admission decision making for critically ill elders with end-stage cancer: a pilot feasibility study. Crit Care Med. 2008;36:3156-63.

Bonnema RA, Gosman GG, Arnold RM. Teaching error disclosure to residents: a curriculum innovation and pilot study. J Grad Med Educ. 2009;1:114-8.

Boss RD, Donohue PK, Arnold RM. Adolescent mothers in the NICU: how much do they understand? J Perinatol. 2009;163:783-8.

Bryce CL, Angus DC, Arnold RM, Chang CH, Farrell MH, Manzarbeitia C, Marnio IR, Roberts MS. Sociodemographic differences in early access to liver transplantation services. Am J Transplant. 2009;9:2092–101.

Buss MK, Lessen DS, Sullivan AM, Von Roenn J, Arnold RM, Block SD. A study of oncology fellows' training in end-of-life care. J Support Oncol. 2007;5:237-42.

Campbell G, Happ MB. Symptom identification in the chronically critically ill. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2010;21:64-79.

Casarett D, Pickard A, Fishman JM, Alexander SC, Arnold RM, Pollak KI, Tulsky JA. Can metaphors and analogies improve communication with seriously ill patients? J Palliat Med. 2010;13:255-60.

Degenholtz HB, Bhatnagar M: Hierarchical modeling in palliative care. J Palliat Med. 2009;12:631-8.

Degenholtz HB, Rosen J, Castle N, Mittal V, Liu D. The association between changes in health status and nursing home resident quality of life. Gerontologist. 2008;48:584-92.

Dubler ND, Weber MP, Swiderski DM, and the Faculty of the National Working Group for the Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project [including Arnold RM]. Charting the future: credentialing, privileging, quality, and evaluation in clinical ethics consultation. Hastings Center Rep. 2009;39:23-33.

Evans WG, Tulsky JA, Back AL, Arnold RM. Communication at times of transitions: how to help patients cope with loss and redefine hope. Cancer J. 2006;12:417-24.

Fischer GS, Arnold RM. Feasibility of a brief workshop on palliative care communication skills for medical interns. J Palliat Med. 2007;10:19-23.

Fromme EK, Hughes MT, Brokaw FC, Rosenfeld KE, Arnold RM. Update in palliative medicine 2008. J Palliat Med. 2008;11:769-75.

Fromme EK, Hughes MT, Quill TE, Arnold RM. Update in palliative medicine 2006. J Palliat Med. 2007;10:30-6.

Fromme EK, Smith AK, Hughes MT, Brokaw FG, Rosenfeld KE, Arnold RM. Update in palliative medicine. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2010;27:420-7.

Gessert CE, Haller IV, Kane RL, Degenholtz H. Rural-urban differences in medical care for nursing home residents with severe dementia at the end of life. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006;54:1199-205.

Goodlin SJ, Quill TE, Arnold RM. Communication and decision-making about prognosis in heart failure care. J Card Fail. 2008;14:106-13.

Hallenback J, Arnold RM. A request for nondisclosure: don't tell Mother. J Clin Oncol. 2007;25:5030-4.

Halpern J, Arnold RM. Affective forecasting: an unrecognized challenge in making serious health decisions. J Gen Intern Med. 2008;23:1708-12.

Happ MB, Swigart VA, Tate JA, Arnold RM, Sereika SM, Hoffman LA. Family presence and surveillance during weaning from prolonged mechanical ventilation. Heart Lung. 2007;36:47-57.

Happ MB, Swigart VA, Tate JA, Hoffman LA, Arnold RM. Patient involvement in health-related decisions during prolonged critical illness. Res Nurs Health. 2007;30:361-72.

Hasley PB, Arnold RM. Primary care of the transplant patient. Am J Med. 2010;123:205-12.

Hebert RS, Arnold RM, Schulz R. Improving well-being in caregivers of terminally ill patients. Making the case for patient suffering as a focus for intervention research. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2007;34:539-46.

Hebert RS, Koenig HG, Arnold RM, Schulz R. Caregiver intervention research: an opportunity for collaboration between caregiving investigators and African American faith communities. J Natl Med Assoc. 2006;98:1510-4.

Hebert RS, Prigerson HG, Schulz R, Arnold RM. Preparing caregivers for the death of a loved one: a theoretical framework and suggestions for future research. J Palliat Med. 2006;9:1164-71.

Hebert RS, Schulz R. Caregiving at the end of life. J Palliat Med. 2006;9:1174-87.

Hebert RS, Schulz R, Copeland V, Arnold RM. What questions do family caregivers want to discuss with health care providers in order to prepare for the death of a loved one? An ethnographic study of caregivers of patients at the end of life. J Palliat Med. 2008;11:476-83.

Hebert RS, Weinstein E, Martire LM, Schulz R. Religion, spirituality, and the well-being of informal caregivers: a review, critique, and research prospectus. Aging Ment Health. 2006;10:497-520.

Jackson VA, Mack J, Matsuyama R, Lakoma MD, Sullivan AM, Arnold RM, Weeks JC, Block SD. A qualitative study of oncologists' approaches to end-of-life care. J Palliat Med. 2008;11:893-906.

Kolarik RC, Walker G, Arnold RM. Pediatric resident education in palliative care: a needs assessment. Pediatrics. 2006;117:1949-54.

Koropchak CM, Pollak KI, Arnold RM, Alexander SC, Skinner CS, Olsen MK, Jeffreys AS, Rodriguez KL, Abernathy AP, Tulsky JA. Studying communication in oncologist-patient encounters: the SCOPE Trial. Palliat Med. 2006;20:813-9.

Larochelle MR, Rodriguez KL, Arnold RM, Barnato AE. Health staff attributions of the causes of physician variation in end-of-life treatment intensity. Palliat Med. 2009;23:460-70.

Liao S, Arnold RM. Heart failure and the future of palliative medicine. J Palliat Med. 2007;10:184.

Lin CY, Farrell MH, Lave JR, Angus DC, Barnato AE. Organizational determinants of hospital end-of-life treatment intensity. Med Care. 2009;47:524-30.

Mohan D, Alexander SC, Garrigues SK, Arnold RM, Barnato AE. Communication practices in physician decision-making for unstable critically ill patients with end-stage cancer. J Palliat Med. 2010;13:949-56.

Morrison RS, Meier DE, Fischberg D, Moore C, Degenholtz H, Litke A, Maroney-Galen C, Siu AL. Improving the management of pain in hospitalized adults. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:1033-9.

Patak L, Wilson-Stronks A, Costello J, Kleinpell RM, Henneman EA, Person C, Happ MB. Improving patient-provider communications: a call to action. J Nurs Adm. 2009;39:372-6.

Pollak KI, Arnold RM, Alexander SC, Jeffreys AS, Olsen MK, Abernethy AP, Rodriguez KL, Tulsky JA. Do patient attributes predict oncologist empathic responses and patient perceptions of empathy? Support Care Cancer. 2010;18:1405-11.

Pollak KI, Arnold RM, Jeffreys AS, Alexander SC, Olsen MK, Abernathy AP, Skinner CS, Rodriguez KL, Tulsky JA. Oncologist communication about emotion during visits with patients with advanced cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2007;25:5748-52.

Quill TE, Arnold RM, Back AL. Discussing treatment preferences with patients who want "everything." Ann Intern Med. 2009;151:345-9.

Robinson TM, Alexander SC, Hays M, Jeffreys AS, Olsen MK, Rodriguez KL, Pollack KI, Abernathy AP, Arnold R, Tulsky JA. Patient-oncologist communication in advanced cancer: predictors of patient perception of prognosis. Support Cancer Care. 2008;16:1049-57.

Rodriguez KL, Appelt CJ, Switzer GE, Sonel AF, Arnold RM. "They diagnosed bad heart": a qualitative exploration of patients' knowledge about and experiences with heart failure. Heart Lung. 2008;37:257-65.

Rodriguez KL, Appelt CJ, Switzer GE, Sonel AF, Arnold RM. Veterans' decision-making preferences and perceived involvement in care for chronic heart failure. Heart Lung. 2008;37:440-8.

Rodriguez KL, Appelt CJ, Young AJ, Fox AR. African American veterans' experiences with mobile geriatric care. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2007;18:44-53.

Rodriguez KL, Barnato AE, Arnold RM. Perceptions and utilization of palliative care services in acute care hospitals. J Palliat Med. 2007;10:99-110.

Rodriguez KL, Gambino FJ, Butow PN, Hagerty RG, Arnold RM. "It's going to shorten your life": framing of oncologist-patient communication about prognosis. Psychooncology. 2008;17:219-25.

Rodriguez KL, Gambino FJ, Butow PN, Hagerty RG, Arnold RM. Pushing up daisies: implicit and explicit language in oncologist-patient communication about death. Support Care Cancer. 2007;15:153-61.

Rodriguez KL, Young AJ. Elderly veterans' beliefs concerning life-sustaining treatment and the control of their end-of-life health and health care. J Aging Health. 2006;18:686-706.

Rodriguez KL, Young AJ. Patients' and healthcare providers' understandings of life-sustaining treatment: are perceptions of goals shared or divergent? Soc Sci Med. 2006;62:125-33.

Rodriguez KL, Young AJ. Perceptions of patients on the utility or futility of end-of-life treatment. J Med Ethics. 2006;32:444-9.

Rosenzweig M, Clifton M, Arnold RM. Development of communication skills workshop for oncology advanced practice nursing students. J Cancer Educ. 2007;22:149-53.

Rosenzweig M, Hravnak M, Magdic K, Beach M, Clifton M, Arnold R. Patient communication simulation laboratory for students in an acute care nurse practitioner program. Am J Crit Care. 2008;17:364-72.

Rossi MI, Young A, Maher R, Rodriguez KL, Appelt CJ, Perera S, Hajjar E, Hanlon JT. Polypharmacy and health beliefs in older outpatients. Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 2007;5:317-23.

Song MK, DeVito Dabbs A, Studer S, Arnold RM, Pilewski J. Exploring the meaning of chronic rejection after lung transplantation and its impact on clinical management and caregiving. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2010;40:246-55.

Song MK, Happ MB, Sandelowski M. Development of a tool to assess fidelity to a psycho-educational intervention. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66:673-82.

Steinhauser KE, Clipp EC, Hays JC, Olsen M, Arnold RM, Christakis NA, Lindquist JH, Tulsky JA. Identifying, recruiting, and retaining seriously ill patients and their caregivers in longitudinal research. Palliat Med. 2006;10:745-54.

Sullivan AM, Lakoma MD, Matsuyama RK, Rosenblatt L, Arnold RM, Block SD. Diagnosing and discussing imminent death in the hospital: a secondary analysis of physician interviews. J Palliat Med. 2007;10:882-93.

Sullivan MD, Gaster B, Russo J, Bowlby L, Rocco N, Sinex N, Livovich J, Jasti H, Arnold R. Randomized trial of Web-based training about opioid therapy for chronic pain. Clin J Pain. 2010;26:512-7.

Sung AD, Collins ME, Smith AK, Sanders AM, Quinn MA, Block SD, Arnold RM. Crying: the experiences and attitudes of third-year medical students and interns. Teach Learn Med. 2009;21:180-7.

Weiner JS, Arnold RM, Curtis JR, Back AL, Rounsaville B, Tulsky JA. Manualized communication interventions to enhance palliative care research and training: rigorous, testable approaches. J Palliat Med. 2006;9:371-81.

Weisbord SD, Bossola M, Fried LF, Giungi S, Tazza L, Palevsky PM, Arnold RM, Luciani G, Kimmel P. Cultural comparison of symptoms in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Hemodialysis Int. 2008;12:434-40.

Weisbord SD, Fried LF, Mor MK, Resnick AL, Unruh ML, Palevsky PM, Levenson DJ, Cooksey SH, Fine MJ, Kimmel PL, Arnold RM. Renal provider recognition of symptoms in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2007;2:960-7.

Weisbord SD, Fried LF, Unruh ML, Kimmel PL, Switzer GE, Fine MJ, Arnold RM. Associations of race with depression and symptoms in patients on maintenance haemodialysis. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2007;22:203-8.

Wunsch H, Guerra C, Barnato AE, Angus DC, Li G, Linde-Zwirble WT. Three-year outcomes for Medicare beneficiaries who survive intensive care. JAMA. 2010;303:849-56.

Young AJ, Rodriguez KL. The role of narrative in discussing end-of-life care: eliciting values and goals from text, context, and subtext. Health Commun. 2006;19:49-59.